Iran, or Khorasan

Link article The Shhrbraz

Particularly since the Sassanian Khosrow I Anushiravan, the Iranshahr East region "Khvrasan Coast" means a place where the sun is called the Khvrasan the East or the Orient. It tells the story of Vis and Ramin Fakhruddin As'ad Gorgan:

زبان پهلوی هر کو شناسد ——— Where there's Khorassan 'Firth Assad »
Khorasan was the meaning of Ayaan estuary / creek where he comes from Iran

After Islam was called Khorasan region. "Khvrasan Coast" was a huge area, including Balkh and Herat Gvzganan Mountain (Khstan or Quhistan = South Khorasan Province in Iran) And .. Was. This area was also called to the Qajar Shah of Khorasan in the Grip of the "Great Game" between Great Britain and Russia, Great Britain decided that the Pashtuns (افغانان) حمایت کند و در برابر پیشروی روسیه به سوی هندوستان سد و مانعی بسازد و از این رو استان هرات ایران را اشغال کرد و با تهدید ناصرالدین شاه به حمله از جنوب و خلیج فارس او را مجبور کرد که در ماه مارس ۱۸۵۷ م./ رجب ۱۲۷۳ ق./ فروردین ۱۲۳۶ خ. "Paris convention" sign and "Afghanistan" recognizes.

Because of its colonial policy of Great Britain Minority Rule "Pashtun" majority "Tajik" (The Iranian) Supported, then replace the official language policy in Afghanistan has continued Pshtvnsazy more Afghan authorities, "Pashtun" are. For the separation of the "Persians" Afghan or Tajik Persian language in Afghanistan, "door" was left at the "door" attribute "language" is. If we put language called Standard English and Standard!

In reaction to this official and governmental Pashtunization, a group also believes that because "Afghan" is the same as "Pashtun", the name "Afghanistan" does not reflect the ethnic diversity of this country.. Or even a group wants to separate from the Pashtun areas. I have nothing to do with political issues because I don't have enough knowledge and this blog has no political purpose either. But the name that a group of these citizens of Afghanistan suggest for their country is harmful for the integrity of our country, Iran. I will address two main points here:

A group suggests that the name "Afghanistan" should be the historical name of "Khorasan".. It is true that most of today's Afghanistan was before the Treaty of Paris in 1857. It was a part of historical Khorasan and a part of Iran, but its southern part is Kandahar and … It was not among "Khorasan"..

The more important problem of this name is that in 1917. For political purposes and to divide Iran, the government of Soviet Russia named Aran and the Caucasus, which it had recently separated from Iran, as "Republic of Azerbaijan" and later claimed ownership of the real Azerbaijan with the myth of "South and North Azerbaijan".. Today, this fake and stolen name has caused confusion and trouble. Naming Afghanistan as Khorasan will have the same mistake and danger for today's Iran and this time in the east.

In the same way, in the Treaty of Paris, parts of Iran's Balochistan were joined to "India" and later, the Indian Muslims led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah created the country of "Pakistan" and today, separatist groups claim to create the country of "Baluchistan" by connecting Iran's Balochistan and Pakistan's Balochistan. have.

where is Iran?!
But there is another group that makes a more interesting claim. They say that the historical Iran is actually today's Afghanistan, and the name of today's political Iran has been "Persia" since ancient times, and Reza Shah in 1935 AD/1314 A.H.. He "stole" the name "Iran" and changed it to "Persia".!!! They make strange arguments for this baseless claim, such as

1.- "Iran in the Shahnameh is the Afghanistan of today": Since the Shahnameh is based on the prose Shahnameh of Abu Mansouri and it is also based on the Khudainamag and other documents of the Sasanian era, Ferdowsi means "Iran" or "the city of Iran" as the Sasanian "Iranshahr" which was from China to the Euphrates River.. There is even a more interesting sentence in the introduction of Abu Mansouri's Shahnameh:

Wherever the graves of people were, they spread this land to the four corners of the world, from border to border, and divided it into seven parts and called each part one country. … The seventh, which is in the middle of the world, was called Khonrasbami, and Khonrasbami is that we are in the middle of the world, and the kings called him "Iranshahr". … And Iranshahr is from Amoy River to Egypt River and these other countries around Ovind and than these seven countries, Iranshahr is more noble to every art..

Some consider this to be a reference to the Iranians' knowledge of the Achaemenid borders, and it is more accurate that this sentence shows that the original text in Khudainamag during the time of Khosrow II of Aparvizh (Parvez) It is written that due to the efforts and abilities of generals such as "Sambat Bagratoni", "Farrakhan Shahrbraz", "Sahin Vahmanzadegan" and others, Iran's borders were expanded from both and included from the Amu River to the Nile River.. Therefore, such abuses of the Shahnameh, apart from being a forgery and lie, are an injustice to Ferdowsi and the Shahnameh and ignoring the historical heritage of all Iranians, not only the citizens of today's political Iran..

2.- "Iran is not mentioned in the poems of Hafez and Saadi": Assuming that the name of Iran is not mentioned in the poems of Hafez and Saadi, what is the reason that historical Iran is the same as today's Afghanistan and the name of this land was not Iran? Were Hafez and Saadi Shirazi historians or geographers, if the name of Iran does not appear in their poems, it would be a proof that Shiraz was not a part of Iran.. The name of Iran is not mentioned in Molani Balkhi's poems. Is this the reason that Balkh was not a part of Iran? Basically, the aim of the poets is not to record the geographical borders, but to look for the borders of Iran in their poems. For this purpose, one should go to the geographical books.

The process of changing the name of Iran in European languages ​​from Persia to Iran during the time of Reza Shah has nothing to do with the historical reality of the name "Iran".. In order to achieve their goal, these people, whose mother tongue is Persian, refer to English writings that until the time of Reza Shah, the name of our country was Persia, and because of their own ignorance or lack of knowledge in English, they say Persia means Fars.. In response to such misreadings and misunderstandings, I can point to two long articles by Dr. Jalal Khaleghi Motlaq and Dr. Jalal Metini in Iranology. Iran's name in the past They have been studied since ancient times until today. Also, the subject of Iran and Iranshahr and its borders are well shown in the geography books of the Islamic era, which are mentioned in several cases in Previous essay I introduced.

"Khorasanzmin" site
A group has also created a website called "Khorasan Zmin" where both these arguments and similar distortions can be seen.. If most of these authors distort and misread historical works, I saw a case on this site that I did not know whether to be surprised by the author's English literacy or his ability to misread and abuse.!

In 1989 / 1368 A.H. An article in English by professor Ehsan Yarshater in the 15th issue of "Heritage of Iran" magazine. (which is printed in America) منتشر شد درباره‌ی همان تغییر نام کشور ما در زبان‌های اروپایی نامه‌ای نوشت و خواست که این تغییر نام فراموش شود و نام رسمی کشور ما در زبان‌های اروپایی همان Persia باشد زیرا این نام در زبان‌های اروپایی پیشینه‌ی تاریخی خیلی بلندتری و دیرینه‌تری دارد. Another important point in Professor Yarshater's message was dealing with the use of the wrong word Farsi instead of Persian in the language of Iranian immigrants to the West.. The title of this message in English was as follows:

Persia or Iran, Persian or Farsi?

It is clear that this title has a meaning in English and the words themselves are meant, and in the translation it should be said Persia or Iran and Persian or Farsi? Not to translate these. Because in that case the title will be meaningless: Iran or Iran, Farsi or Farsi? But the author of Tahrifgar Afghan wrote this in his translation: "Call our country Fars, not Iran, our language is called Persian, not Farsi" means that in the first part he intentionally translated Persia to "Persia", but in the second part he kept Persian and Farsi the same.. He has translated the entire article of Professor Yarshater with the same pessimistic view, and he has deliberately changed Persia to "Persia" everywhere, and has shown to his imagination that prominent Iranians such as Professor Yarshater also call their country "Persia".! This biased translator has not paid attention to this sentence:

On the contrary, the name "Iran" does not bring any of the above memories alive in the minds of the world. In other languages, except Farsi, "Iran" is a neutral word and indicates a country without a past or without any specific culture.. .. If Greece, Egypt (Egypt) Or China demanded others to call their countries by the names of Hylas, Egypt or Zhonggu respectively, these countries would lose a lot of honor.. The name "Egypt" immediately evokes memories of pyramids, hieroglyphs, tablets and other valuable and brilliant historical works, while outside of Islamic countries, the Arabic name "Egypt" does not evoke the same values..

This sentence shows that Professor Yarshater means the word Iran in foreign languages, not that the name of our country is not Iran..

انگار یک نفر به سخنرانی رییس جمهور مصر به زبان انگلیسی استناد کند که او خود را رییس جمهور کشور Egypt خوانده است. پس کشور او «مصر» نیست و خودش هم رییس جمهور «مصر» نیست!